Karate Terminology

Counting

Body Parts

Ichi  –

Ni  –

San –

Shi –

Go –

Rokku –

Shichi –

Hachi  –

Ku –

Ju –

One

Two

Three

Four

Five

Six

Seven

Eight

Nine

Ten

Te –

Hiki Te –

Ken –

Seiken –

Uraken –

Kentsui  –

 

Shuto –

Hara  –

Seika –

Ashi –

Sokuto –

Jodan  –

Chudan –

Gedan –

Hiza Shita –

Hand

Withdrawing Hand

Closed Fist

Fore Fist

Back Bist

i. Hammer Fist

ii. (aka Shutsui: Hammer Hand)

iii.(aka Tettsui: Iron Hammer)

Sword Hand, Knife Hand

Mid-Section; Stomach

Tanden – Physical, Spiritual & Emotional Center

Leg and Foot

Sword Foot, Outer Edge

Neck and Above

Neck to Navel

Navel to Knees

Knees and Below

Techniques

Blocks

Kihon –

Waza –

Oi –

Gyaku –

Mawashi –

Kizami –

Kime –

Mawate –

Tai Sabaki –

Soku Waza –

Basics, Fundamental Practice

Techniques (aka Jutsu)

Non-Reverse Form

Reverse Form (aka saka).

Circling or Roundhouse

Leading Side Technique

Decisive, Focus

Turn Around

Strategic Body Movement

Foot Work

Age Uke –

Soto Ude Uke –

 

Uchi Ude Uke –

Shuto Uke –

Gedan Barai –

Rising Block

Outward Forearm Block

(aka soto uke = outside block)

Inward forearm block

(aka uchi uke = inside block)

Sword Hand Block, Knife Hand Block

Downward Forearm Block

Arm Attacks

Tsuki Waza –

Tsuki –

Choku Zuki –

Oi Zuki –

Gyaku Zuki –

Tate Zuki –

Kizami Zuki –

Age Zuki –

Mawashi Zuki –

Kagi Zuki –

Ura Zuki –

Otoshi uraken Uchi –

Soto uraken Uchi –

Soto kentsui Uchi –

Uchi kentsui Uchi –

Otoshi kentsui Uchi –

Kentsui hasami Uchi –

Soto shuto Uchi –

Hiji Uchi –

Punching Techniques

One Handed Punches (aka zuki)

Punch from Shizen Tai (aka jun zuki)

Punch from Kihon Dachi with the same leg forward

Punch from Kihon Dachi with the opposite leg forward

Vertical Fist Punch

Punch with Lead Hand, Jab (aka mae ken zuki)

Rising Punch

Roundhouse Punch

Hook Punch

Close Punch (aka shita zuki)

Downward Back Fist Strike

Outward Back Fist Strike

Outward Hammer Fist Strike

Inward hammer Fist Strike

Downward hammer Fist Strike

Double hammer Fist Strike

Outward Sword Hand Strike

Elbow Strikes (aka empi uchi)

Stances

Dachi –

Shizen Tai –

Heisoku Dachi –

Musubi Dachi –

Hachinoji Dachi –

Kihon Dachi –

Kiba Burui –

Kiba Dachi –

Zenkutsu Dachi –

Kokutsu Dachi –

Fudo Dachi –

Shiko Dachi –

Kosa Dachi –

Hangetsu Burui –

Hangetsu Dachi –

Sanchin Dachi –

Neko Ashi Dachi –

Sagi Ashi Dachi –

Ashi Orishiku Dachi –

Kumite Dachi –

Kamae –

Shomen –

Hanmi –

Mae Hanmi –

Gyaku Hanmi –

Ushiro –

Stances, Position of the Lower Body (aka tachikata)

Natural Position Stances Group, No Knee Tension

Semi-Formal Attention Stance, Heels and Toes Together

Semi-Formal Attention Stance, Heels Together and Toes Apart

Feet Shoulder  Width, Toes Out (aka hachiji dachi)

Basic Stances

Outer Knee Tension Stances Group

Horse Stance

Front Stance

Back Stance

Rooted Stance (aka sochin dachi: sochin stance)

Square Stance

Crossed Feet Stance

Inner Knee Tension Stances Group

Half moon Stance

Hourglass Stance

Cat Leg Stance

Heron Leg Stance (aka ippon ashi dachi: one-legged stance)

Down on one Knee Stance, Rifleman Stance

Sparring Stances (higher and freer variations of each of the above) (aka ju dachi)

Posture; Position; Refers to Entire Body (aka shisei)

Front Facing (aka mae) (aka zempo)

Half  Sideways Facing

Front Facing

Reverse Half Sideways Facing

Rear (aka koho)

Leg Attacks

Keri Waza –

Mae Geri Keage –

Mae Geri Kekomi –

Mae Oroshi Kakato Geri –

Fumikomi Geri –

Kansetsu Geri –

Uchi Mikazuki Geri –

Soto Mikazuki gGeri –

Kagi Geri –

Mawashi Geri –

Ura mawashi Geri –

Yoko Geri Keage –

Yoko Geri Kekomi –

Ushiro Mawashi Geri –

Ushiro Mikazuki Geri –

Ushiro Yoko Geri –

Ushiro Geri Kekomi –

Hiza Geri –

Kicking Techniques

Front Snap Kick (aka maegeri)

Front Thrust Kick

Axe Kick or Downward Kick

Stomping Kick to the Ground

Stomping Kick to the Knee

Inward Crescent Kick with the Sole of the Foot

Outside Crescent Kick with the Edge of the Foot

Hook Kick. Hits with Heel or Sole of Foot.

Roundhouse Kick

Hook Kick

Side Snap Kick

Side Thrust Kick

Reverse/Spinning roundhouse Kick

Reverse/Spinning Crescent Kick

Reverse/Spinning Side thrust Kick

Back Thrust Kick

Knee Kick. Many Variations.

Miscellany

Karate –

Karateka –

Shoshinsha –

Yudansha –

Kyu –

Dan –

Kyohai –

Kompai –

Sempai –

Sensei

Dojo

Tatami

Makiwari

Rei

Seiza

Dojo Kun

“Empty Hand,” formerly “Chinese hand”; weaponless martial

Art of Okinawan-Japanese Origin.

Practitioner of Karate

Initiate, the Junior Students

The Senior Students

Color Belt, Non-Black Belt

Black Belt

Those of Lesser Rank (aka kinteki)

Those of Roughly Equivalent Rank

Those of Greater Rank

“Born Before” “One Who Has Gone Before” The Instructor (an honorific)

Place Where an Art is Taught, a School

Floor Mats

Striking Post

Salute

Kneeling-Sitting with Back Straight, Heels to Buttocks. Go Down Left Knee First. Stand up Right Leg First.

“School Oath,” Standards of the School

Sparring

Kumite –

Shiai –

Shobu –

Sun dome –

Tori –

Uke –

Aka –

Shiro –

Yoi –

Hajime –

Kihon Kumite –

Ippon Kumite –

Sambon Kumite –

Gohon Kumite –

Jiyu ippon Kumite –

Jiyu Kumite –

Jissen –

Sparring

Contest

Competition

Arresting Technique just before Contact

Attacker

Defender

Red (aka haka)

White

Readiness (aka junbi)

Begin

Basic Sparring (aka yakusoku kumite)

One-Step Sparring

Three-Step Sparring

Five-Step Sparring

Semi-free Sparring

Free Sparring

Actual Fighting

Formal Exercises (Kata)

Kata –

Kihon Kata –

Shitei Kata –

Tokui Kata –

Tanren Kata –

Shorin –

Shorei –

Yoi –

Hajime –

Bunkai –

Naore –

Yame –

Formal Exercises

Basic Kata

Standardized Kata

Choice Kata

Advanced Kata (aka kaite kata)

Lighter and Lonqer

Heavier and Shorter

Readiness

Begin

Application of Kata

Return to Yoi

Finished